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Rudy Garns

Rudy Garns's Public Library

May 01, 16

Why moving from mere retributivism to biological insight is useful: "The Brain on Trial" in The Atlantic.

  • advances in information technology
  • security and privacy
  • democratic citizenship

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  • A clearly articulated set of admission criteria
  • honors director reports to the chief academic office
  • typically 20% to 25% of the total course work and certainly no less than 15%.

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  • Essentialism is the view that certain categories (e.g., women, racial groups, dinosaurs, original Picasso artwork) have an underlying reality or true nature that one cannot observe directly.
  • Medin and Ortony (1989) suggest that essentialism is a "placeholder" notion: one can believe that a category possesses an essence without knowing what the essence is.
  • properties are fixed at birth (also known as innate potential)

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Apr 23, 16

Kristie Vise awarded the Carol Berine Outstanding Adviser Award by @NKLI_NKU

  • now we know that the Big Five personality trait Conscientiousness is a robust predictor of academic success at university,

  • new opportunities to develop the intellectual skills and habits of mind that the humanities cultivate.
  • connecting the resources and perspectives of the humanities to students’ broader educational and professional goals
  • innovative and imaginative

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  • finding a way to keep all undergraduate, lower-division math students from being funneled needlessly through one or two standardized prerequisites.
  • adding similar pathways in upper-division courses, likely involving partnerships with separate departments, to better prepare math grads for careers after college.

  • It was called “the ladder of nature.”
  • the idea that children and nonhuman animals are lesser beings has been surprisingly persistent.
  • evolutionary cognition

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  • A straightforward Malthusianism did indeed, as Shermer suggests, promote a harsh laissez-faire, nature "red in tooth and claw," kind of socioeconomic system
  • Darwin saw competition as taking place between individuals while Wallace saw competition as taking place between populations;
  • Both views had problems. Wallace failed to clearly distinguish varieties and variations; Darwin's hypothesis was premised upon the inheritance of acquired characteristics,

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  • In 1947, American computer engineer Howard Aiken said that just six electronic digital computers would satisfy the computing needs of the United States.
  • f, as Moore's Law states, the number of transistors on a microprocessor continues to double every 18 months, the year 2020 or 2030 will find the circuits on a microprocessor measured on an atomic scale.
  • the symbols on the tape can be either 0 or 1 or a superposition of 0 and 1

  • In 1947, American computer engineer Howard Aiken said that just six electronic digital computers would satisfy the computing needs of the United States.

  • Is consciousness a constant, uninterrupted stream or a series of discrete bits – like the 24 frames-per-second of a movie reel?

  • it failed to provide them enough time for hands-on learning or the space for creativity and independent thinking — the qualities most in demand by employers today.
  • But the credential was never designed to serve the millions of students of varying academic capabilities and professional interests it now does each year, nor was it intended as the sole training mechanism for a job.
  • an academic incubator designed to reimagine the undergraduate experience.

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  • We focus on the affective facet of this culture-driven cognitive evolution, and argue that the evolution of human emotions co-evolved with that of language. We suggest that complex tool manufacture and alloparenting played an important role in the evolution of emotions, by leading to increased executive control and inter-subjective sensitivity.

  • Here we present evidence from a diversity of sources supporting the hypothesis that a fuller answer lies in the evolution of a new socio-cognitive niche, the principal components of which include forms of cooperation, egalitarianism, mindreading (also known as ‘theory of mind’), language and cultural transmission, that go far beyond the most comparable phenomena in other primates.

  • Culture pervades human lives and has allowed our species to create niches all around the world and its oceans, in ways quite unlike any other primate. Indeed, our cultural nature appears so distinctive that it is often thought to separate humanity from the rest of nature and the Darwinian forces that shape it.

  • In this article, I discuss cognitive processes that are known collectively as ‘cultural learning’ because they enable cumulative cultural evolution.

  • This paper argues that the features of recent human evolution highlighted by the New Thinking imply that the concept of inherited representation, set out here, is a better tool for theorizing about human cognitive evolution.

  • evolutionary psychology
  • the human mind consists of a large collection of computationally distinct ‘modules’. Each of these modules is a way of thinking that was shaped by natural selection to solve a particular type of problem faced by our Stone Age ancestors
  • The alternative view, the ‘new thinking’ that runs through this theme issue, sees the human mind as more like a hand than a Swiss Army knife

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