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Rudy Garns

Rudy Garns's Public Library

  • The change is from a Kantian or rationalist paradigm to a Humean, moral intuitionist one.
  • a change has been taking place for about a decade, inspired in part by the work of people like Antonio Damasio in neuroscience, as well as behavioral research
  • reason-based theories of moral psychology

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Sep 22, 16

"It appears that areas of the brain associated with social reasoning and affect are heavily involved in moral reasoning, at least when we are personally invested in the situation, while cognitive processing, or what we would usually call moral reasoning, is less involved in these contexts, but does the bulk of the work when we're making moral judgments in situations in which we are not invested. It is also quite clear that moral judgment does not take place in a single area or group of highly interconnected areas, but is instead spread throughout much of the brain. Each of these brains is associated with a variety of functions that are related to moral judgment, such as social reasoning. We can reasonably conclude, then, that there is no single moral center in the brain, and that moral judgment is not a "cognitive kind," but is instead the product of multiple affective and social reasoning abilities that are activated in particular social contexts. We should be careful, though, in interpreting these results any further. Looking at photos or reading sentences with moral content while in a cramped fMRI machine is much different from participating in real world social interactions in which moral decisions upon which we must act are necessary. It may be that the imaging studies conducted so far present only a fraction of the neural picture of moral judgment."

  • conflicts of ideology
  • intuitionist view of moral judgmen
  • patients with damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex

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  • They say it is the wellspring of social emotions, things like lust and disgust, pride and humiliation, guilt and atonement. It helps give rise to moral intuition, empathy and the capacity to respond emotionally to music.
  • empathize with others
  • shunned in a social settings

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  • Democrats more attuned to their emotions and those of others, while Republicans are more driven by fear and potential reward.
  • Both Democrats and Republicans exhibited similar levels of risk-taking
  • but different regions of their brains were activated during these decisions.

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  • The human mind is a story processor, not a logic processor.
  • the urgency and rancor has faded
  • Gallup reports a decline in the number of people calling themselves centrists or moderates

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Sep 19, 16

Does the structure of your brain predict your behavior? https://t.co/JNDhrVsogr https://t.co/Ounqm6gxDX

Sep 19, 16

Maybe grammar isn't hard-wired à la Chomsky, but is built upon other latent capacities in the brain.
https://t.co/hHpAv4E0SN

  • new research shows that young children use various types of thinking that may not be specific to language at all—such as the ability to classify the world into categories (people or objects, for instance) and to understand the relations among things.
  • the languages people use to communicate in everyday life behaved like mathematically based languages of the newly emerging field of computer science.
  • computational structure of language

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Sep 19, 16

People imitate not only the particulars of positive actions, but also the spirit underlying them https://t.co/ehnPNP08tR

Sep 19, 16

Hey, we play today!

@BallStateWVB 1 pm

Sep 19, 16

For philosophers to be of real use, they should engage with the world...alongside those in interdisciplinary fields. https://t.co/fJ0ngtxLZw

Sep 19, 16

SOTA's own Brad McCombs was highlighted in a great Enquirer article, detailing his work with the Cincinnati... https://t.co/RMwYZVqgdc

  • the phenomenon of moral dumbfounding — when people feel strongly that something is wrong but cannot explain why.
  • two separate mental systems, one ancient and one modern,
  • The ancient system, which he calls moral intuition, is based on the emotion-laden moral behaviors that evolved before the development of language. The modern system — he calls it moral judgment — came after language, when people became able to articulate why something was right or wrong.

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  • character trait—that is, a disposition which is well entrenched in its possessor
  • the wholehearted acceptance of a certain range of considerations as reasons for action
  • ossessing a virtue is a matter of degree,

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  • theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy
  • ideal character traits
  • traits derive from natural internal tendencies, but need to be nurtured

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  • The western tradition's key concepts derive from ancient Greek philosophy. These concepts include arete (excellence or virtue), phronesis (practical or moral wisdom), and eudaimonia (flourishing).
  • practical reason results in action or decision.[
  • a "perceptual sensitivity" to what a situation requires

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Aug 18, 16

I was walking to @theBBTArena and saw it spear a fish with its beak! A student was with me...they can vouch! #Nature https://t.co/HUETepglwL

Aug 17, 16

Cognitive Offloading: How the Internet is Increasingly Taking Over Human Memory https://t.co/w62oFO0Ftf https://t.co/fZnfYZsp9F

Aug 12, 16

The Neuroethics Blog: The Ethics of Using Brain Stimulation to Enhance Learning in Children https://t.co/dTKtqrdoB5

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