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Patty McGinnis

Patty McGinnis's Public Library

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    From the art world to the zoo, from underwater to outer space, from current prob

29 Oct 13

list of good class examples of wikis

  • s will be on American law.

     

    Creating or updating school policies. Most U.S.

  • apanese, British and Canadian authorities have prosecuted children under various criminal statutes, including nuisance, obscene communications and communicating threats. In the U.S., individuals have been charged for particularly severe instances of bullying, but authorities had often been unable to prosecute those cases
  • reating new anti-cyberbullying laws. There are two types of such laws. The first type is known as the Internet real-name system and was enacted in South Korea and China. This approach requires website operators to collect users’ identifying information before allowing users to post comments online

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  • ost South Korean cyber bullies are teenagers hiding behind the cloak of Internet anonymity, analysts say, products of a highly regimented culture in which the young are discouraged from speaking their minds with paren
  • ut in South Korea, where government statistics show that 99% of citizens between the ages of 10 and 39 use the Internet, cyber thugs carry inordinate social weight.
  • he bill, to punish those who "insult" others on the Internet with up to three years in jail or a $30,000 fine, was proposed after a popular actress committed suicide last year. But it has languished since critics questioned whether it would stifle freedom of expression.

    Min Byoung-chul, a professor of English at Konkuk Universi

  • According to psychological sources, bullying is a specific type of aggression in which (1) the behavior is intended to harm or disturb, (2) the behavior occurs repeatedly over time, and (3) there is an imbalance of power, with a more powerful person or group attacking a less powerful one. This asymmetry of power may be physical or psychological, and the aggressive behavior may be verbal (eg, name-calling, threats), physical (eg, hitting), or psychological (eg, rumors, shunning/exclusion). The key elements of this definition are that multiple means can be employed by the bully or bullies, intimidation is the goal, and bullying can happen on a one-on-one or group basis (Nansel et al, 2001).
  • ullying is, in fact, widespread and not restricted to American society, but instead is found across the globe (Smith et al, 2002). From hunter/gatherer groups (Boehm, 2000) to post-industrial Japan, bullying is ubiquitous across human cultures.
  • hen bullying is considered across animals, there is ample evidence that many other animals, including other primates, engage in bullying-like behaviors. Rats and mice are commonly used as models for social stress during different life ph

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  • According to the four-tiered structural theory of bullying (Morita & Kiyonaga, 1986), the situation in which bullying is generated involves four types of people, that is, victims, bullies, spectators and indifferent bystanders. This theory can be applied to the case of Shikagawa's mock funeral that I discussed in the previous report. This kind of bullying is quite common in Japan but not in other countries.

      

    Previously, I attended the University of Wisconsi

  • Cultural differences affect the reaction of children when they witness bullying: whether they try to stop the bullying or stand by passively. In a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic society like the US, for example, the collective will of a peer group becomes difficult to to share or is less powerful (unlike in Japan); instead people more focus on shared social norms. Therefore, one of the social norms, "Bullying is bad", is easily assimilated into the society. In such society, children are more likely to interfere and stop bullying when they witness it, because the shared social norm of "bullying should be stopped" has effective power over children.

      

    In contrast, in a cooperative, group-oriented Japanese society, children often stand by passively when they witness bullying, sensing the atmosphere of peers or having a fear of countercharge if they interfere. This "atmosphere" is an unspoken collective will of the peer group, censoring the bullying a

  • Cultural differences are also considered to affect the reaction of children being bullied: it depends on whether cultural patterns are represented by individualism or collectivism

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  • his study examined the role of attitudes against bullying and perceived peer pressure for intervention in explain
  • rticipants were 1031 school-age children from two culturally diverse settings, namely Italy and Singapore, which are similar on several dimensions(e.g., quality of life, child welfare) but dramatically differ on other aspects, such asindividualism—collectivism orientatio
  • ndividual attitudes were a stronger predictor of Italian students’—especially girls’—behavior, perceived peer expectations were more strongly associated with behavior of Singapo

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  • is important to realize that values, like any human characteristic, fall along a conti
  • There are elements of both individualism and collectivism in any culture (Trumbull, Rothstein-Fisch, Greenfield, & Quiroz, 2001
  • Where they are on the continuum of values depends on such factors as how closely they identify with traditional culture, their level of education, and the ethnic mix of their community

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  • The concept of individualism vs. collectivism deals with how individuals fundamentally live their lives socially
  • hether they on a deep level think more as individuals or collectively as members of groups when compared to other individuals or groups

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22 Oct 13

students can examine different types of plant cell plastids and learn their function

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