It's clear from this letter that six months after Lexington and Concord, Gage believes that the only war for Britain to find peace with the Provincials is through war. Notice also that he agrees with John Adams ("Revolution in the hearts and minds before Lexington and Concord")
If the Boston Port Bill had not furnished a pretext for rebellion, something else would have brought it forward.
I am convinced that the promoters of the rebellion have no real desire of peace, unless they have a carte blanche. Their whole conduct has been one scene of fallacy, duplicity, and dissimulation, by which they have duped many well inclined people
will take the liberty to say, that from their presumption, arrogance, and encouragement from England, we can rely on nothing but our force to procure even decent terms of peace; and that if it was ever necessary to obtain peace through the means of war, it is highly so in the present juncture.
A collection of links and stories about Thanksgiving - too many to mention.
Only a few inappropriate words and the quick mention of soldiers eating a dog make this troublesome for students, but for teachers it's 4 minutes well spent
This article can both help and hurt teachers. On one hand, it provides extensive, evidence-based explanation of at least three women who could have been the inspiration for the Revolutionary folk-hero. This would help teachers better explain how Americans shape their history to their own ends. On the other hand, it makes much more difficult for teachers, particularly in elementary schools, to teach the folk-hero without the real history.
Teachers hoping to show students change over time can click through this Library of Congress "Thanksgiving Timeline" which places the Pilgrim's celebration in the context of others Europeans in North America and how the holiday that we recognize to today evolved over three hundred years.
This is history that can't be found in any textbook or corporate online program. A collection of videos of a 93 year-old woman, cooking meals from the Great Depression. More important than the recipes (which reflect the era), Clara recounts her childhood and tells stories of her family during the Depression. Social history on an intimate level.
If any teacher has five minutes to read three pages of background of the Thanksgiving holiday before encountering it in the classroom, this is what she should be reading. The primary source materials have potential also, but the background article is of real value
This article does not necessarily lead the reader to a definitive conclusion about what happened in 1621 as much as it reveals the complexity of pursuit of that conclusion.
For these holidays say much less about who we really were in some specific Then, than about who we want to be in an ever changing Now.”
A brief overview of the history of the Thanksgiving holiday
In this BackStory Podcast episode historian James McWilliams discusses why the Puritans would have turned up their noses at our “traditional” Thanksgiving foods. Religion scholar Anne Blue Wills reveals the Victorian origins of our modern holiday, and one woman’s campaign to fix it on the national calendar. An archeologist at Colonial Williamsburg explains what garbage has to tell us about early American diets. And legendary NFL quarterback Roger Staubach describes what it was like to spend every turkey day on the football field
This 9 1/2 minute video provides as good a foundation as any reading or textbook. If teachers are implementing an inquiry lesson into Americans involvement in the war this could help. As an alternative, students could fact-check the video or find evidence that either supports or refutes its assertions
This series of photographs will help students better understand the pollution of the industrial age. Though today's students still face the challenge of climate change, they know little of the raw effects of America's industrial age
This collection of photographs may allow teachers to approach Thanksgiving from the perspective of marketing to explore the cultural history of the holiday and how it fits into American culture rather than the memory of the colonial event on which it is based.
Many elementary teachers introduce students to the Beringian migration before they talk about Native Americans so this article may be of interest to them. The information in the article can be shared with students in such a way as to illustrate how history is never static. It is an active field of research and debate as conclusions are made, tested and revised in light of evidence.