"The National Survey for Student Engagement (NSSE) is a respected indicator of student engagement used by over 1450 universities across North America. Their Engagement Indicator themes and High-Impact Practices (2013) are based upon extensive educational research. The indicators and practices have been adopted at McGill University as five principles to be considered when designing or renovating classroom spaces to support student learning. This permits the university to ground decisions about classroom features in research-based principles. The Principles for Designing Teaching and Learning Spaces (see PDF below) consider the classroom environment within the context of what is known about students’ learning. These Principles are then translated into specific design features to guide design decisions, such that learning spaces become a physical manifestation of the university’s teaching and learning vision.