Based on ESL - some interesting methodology
Absolute approach - studies exceptional individuals v. relative approach compares novices to experts (Chi, 2006, p. 22). Suggests knowledge, efficiency, and insight distinguish experts from novices (p. 99). Knowledge accretion, validation, and integration.
Article suggests benefits to both deductive and inductive approaches, but concludes that deductive is efficient, but not effective.
Nice set of handouts on intercultural competence