"Loomio Co-op Handbook
We build software for collaborative decision making, used by thousands of organisations and communities around the world. If you’re looking for a way to make group decisions without meeting, try it out at loomio.org.
The software we build is open source, which means we freely share the code for anyone to read, learn from, and modify. Our organisation is open source too. If you want to learn how we run an efficient organisation without a hierarchy, this handbook is a good place to start.
The Loomio Cooperative is based in Aotearoa New Zealand. We're part of the Enspiral network "
"The history of the commons—jointly owned land or other resources such as fisheries or forests set aside for public use—provides a useful context for current debates over sustainability and how we can act as “good ancestors.” In this book, Derek Wall considers the commons from antiquity to the present day, as an idea, an ecological space, an economic abstraction, and a management practice. He argues that the commons should be viewed neither as a “tragedy” of mismanagement (as the biologist Garrett Hardin wrote in 1968) nor as a panacea for solving environmental problems. Instead, Walls sees the commons as a particular form of property ownership, arguing that property rights are essential to understanding sustainability. How we use the land and its resources offers insights into how we value the environment.
"Problems of the commons exist in a wide variety of settings ranging in size and complexity from the family (e.g., the household budget and the kitchen sink) to the global scale (e.g., loss of biodiversity and global warming). Game theory is a useful theoretical tool for representing a simplified, core social dilemma facing a set of individuals sharing a commons. Game theorists, who assume that individuals base decisions on immediate returns to self, frequently use the Prisoners' Dilemma game to represent the problem of the commons. The individuals in such a game are assumed to have complete information about the strategy space they face and the outcomes that will be obtained depending on their own and others' actions. On the other hand, the pure theory is about individuals who do not know one another, do not share a common history, and cannot communicate with one another. In this model, game theory predicts that individuals jointly using a commons will overharvest, leading to Hardin's "Tragedy of the Commons.""
"Centre dédié à l'entrepreneuriat social, collaboratif et coopératif à Bruxelles"
"Seeds@COOPCITY s'adresse à une ou plusieurs personnes qui souhaitent concrétiser leur idée en lançant un projet qui réponde à un besoin social, sociétal et/ou environnemental à Bruxelles. Les projets sélectionnés viseront également à être créateur d'emplois durables et s'inscrivent dans un esprit de collaboration et de partage de ressources."
"Hector de Crèvecoeur wrote, “Thousands of Europeans are Indians, and we have no examples of even one of those aborigines having from choice become European.”
I first read about this history several months ago in Sebastian Junger’s excellent book “Tribe.” It has haunted me since. It raises the possibility that our culture is built on some fundamental error about what makes people happy and fulfilled.
The native cultures were more communal. As Junger writes, “They would have practiced extremely close and involved child care. And they would have done almost everything in the company of others. They would have almost never been alone.”"
"Synergy Hub 1.0 is a first-of-its-kind co-creation space in Rotterdam, Europe. Run by local residents from the community as well as live-in co-creators from all parts of the world, Synergy Hub invites hubbers to self-organise their activities and share skills, resources and ideas in a prototype ‘gift economy’ setting. "
"Black Duck Software and North Bridge's survey"
"“IT IS A ‘CONNECT THE DOTS’ TYPE INITIATIVE WHICH AIMS TO COLLECT VARIOUS FORMS OF OPEN SOURCE TECHNOLOGY TO MAKE UP AN ENTIRE LIFESTYLE BASED ON LOW-COST MODULAR SOLUTIONS AND OPEN KNOWLEDGE. IF A MAINSTREAM-ORIENTED PROJECT LIKE THIS CAN HELP TO SPREAD THE WORD ABOUT INTEGRATING OPEN SOURCE DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY INTO OUR DAILY LIVES, IT COULD BE AN IMPORTANT INITIATIVE.”
P2P FOUNDATION – THE FOUNDATION FOR PEER TO PEER ALTERNATIVES
"Organic agriculture occupies only 1% of global agricultural land, making it a relatively untapped resource for one of the greatest challenges facing humanity: producing enough food for a population that could reach 10 billion by 2050, without the extensive deforestation and harm to the wider environment.
That’s the conclusion my doctoral student Jonathan Wachter and I reached in reviewing 40 years of science and hundreds of scientific studies comparing the long term prospects of organic and conventional farming. The study, Organic Agriculture in the 21st Century, published in Nature Plants, is the first to compare organic and conventional agriculture across the four main metrics of sustainability identified by the US National Academy of Sciences: be productive, economically profitable, environmentally sound and socially just. Like a chair, for a farm to be sustainable, it needs to be stable, with all four legs being managed so they are in balance.
We found that although organic farming systems produce yields that average 10-20% less than conventional agriculture, they are more profitable and environmentally friendly. Historically, conventional agriculture has focused on increasing yields at the expense of the other three sustainability metrics."