"On any given day we're lied to from 10 to 200 times, and the clues to detect those lie can be subtle and counter-intuitive. Pamela Meyer, author of Liespotting, shows the manners and "hotspots" used by those trained to recognize deception — and she argues honesty is a value worth preserving.
This Tumblr debunks faked videos and photos
visual crap detection @hoaxoffame debunks online video hoaxes http://t.co/fBkzDxUGuI
"Robert Proctor is one of the world's leading experts in agnotology, a neologism signifying the study of the cultural production of ignorance."
Beyond crap detection: the study of the cultural production of ignorance http://t.co/tMC0jzfb6Q
"One feature that makes the Chilean case stand out among the military regimes that held much of Latin America in their grip during the last third of the 20th century is the role of the media – and in particular El Mercurio and its subsidiaries – in consciously promoting a perceived state of war, both before and after the coup which brought General Augusto Pinochet to power. The planting of exaggerated or invented reports on foreign infiltration, unsubstantiated warnings about scarcity of basic goods (which became a self-fulfilling prophecy as a result of panic buying) or false revelations of sinister leftist plots was, by most historical accounts, a major factor in both justifying and provoking a military coup in a country previously famed for its strong democratic traditions."
"There is increasing concern that most current published research findings are false. The probability that a research claim is true may depend on study power and bias, the number of other studies on the same question, and, importantly, the ratio of true to no relationships among the relationships probed in each scientific field. In this framework, a research finding is less likely to be true when the studies conducted in a field are smaller; when effect sizes are smaller; when there is a greater number and lesser preselection of tested relationships; where there is greater flexibility in designs, definitions, outcomes, and analytical modes; when there is greater financial and other interest and prejudice; and when more teams are involved in a scientific field in chase of statistical significance. Simulations show that for most study designs and settings, it is more likely for a research claim to be false than true. Moreover, for many current scientific fields, claimed research findings may often be simply accurate measures of the prevailing bias. In this essay, I discuss the implications of these problems for the conduct and interpretation of research."
Which led me on to Postman. Incidentally, Stephen Pozzi does a great job of summarising Postman’s “core message”:
Citizens living in a democracy, if they hope to keep that democracy, need to learn how to tell the difference between facts and bullshit
Pozzi provides us with the transcript for a speech given by Postman in 1969, where he says:
For those of you who do not know, it may be worth saying that the phrase, “crap-detecting,” originated with Ernest Hemingway who when asked if there were one quality needed, above all others, to be a good writer, replied, “Yes, a built-in, shock-proof, crap detector”
"Look no further than Critical Reasoning For Beginners, the top rated iTunesU collection of lectures led by Oxford University’s Marianne Talbot.
Talbot builds the course from the ground up, and begins by explaining that arguments consist of a set of premises that, logically linked together, lead to a conclusion. She proceeds to outline the way to lay out an argument logically and clearly, and eventually, the basic steps involved in assessing its strengths and weaknesses. "
"By the end of this talk, there will be 864 more hours of video on YouTube and 2.5 million more photos on Facebook and Instagram. So how do we sort through the deluge? At the TEDSalon in London, Markham Nolan shares the investigative techniques he and his team use to verify information in real-time, to let you know if that Statue of Liberty image has been doctored or if that video leaked from Syria is legitimate.
"A picture is not always as it seems.
On Sunday, CNN International anchor Hala Gorani tweeted a photo of a Syrian boy crossing the desert to Jordan. The striking image of the 4-year-old was widely shared around the Web. But it wasn't long before details of the photo became jumbled, leading many to mistakenly assume the boy was wandering the desert or fleeing Syria alone."
"Truth telling and debunking are fundamental journalistic acts, online or otherwise, but the viral debunk is a distinctive take on an old standby; it’s a form-fitting response to a new style of hoax, much in same the way that Snopes and Hoax-Slayer were an answer to ungoverned email hoaxes, or that Politifact and FactCheck.org arose in response to a narrow, but popular, category of misinformation — false statements by public figures, uncritically amplified in the frenzy of political campaign."
RT @TeachThought: News Literacy: Critical-Thinking Skills for the 21st Century http://t.co/kkVFBFRHSm via @edutopia #education #21stedchat
"January 29, 2014 by MBZ
Last week’s readings were about the application of critical thinking to inform search skills and crap detection. Postman draws our attention to the fact that such skills are grounded in a person’s values and this notion is echoed as Rheingold (2012) discusses the echo chamber effect. This is the notion that bloggers quote other bloggers they agree with. This issue can be exacerbated by the functionalities of the web, which track users’ history and frequent interests to drive search results. In short, we begin to find what we are looking for and I think both Postman and Rheingold would agree that their is a deep danger in only looking for information that is similar to what we think. As such, I would like to assert that we have a moral imperative to begin instilling dialogic values in our youth. By dialogic, I mean an openness to a multiplicity of ways of thinking about a certain topic or event in time."
student blogger expands crap detection as a thinking tool #comm183 http://t.co/uDtPvOOU8n (really exemplary)
Davey Winder explains why you shouldn't believe everything you read on Facebook - even if it looks like it comes from the site
Not all social media scams are harmful, and they certainly don’t all infect you with malware or collect Likes for scammers to sell to the highest bidder.
Some are merely irritating – but once they’re running, they may be difficult to stop. My plea this month is this: please be aware of Facebook fakes and stop reposting them."
"These two videos provide examples of evaluating websites and articles using the C.R.A.P. test (Currency, Reliability, Authority, and Purpose/Point of view)."
@sebastienmarion One of the resources for #comm183 is the screencast about the craap test. http://t.co/Rhg6QoYdHF
Link broken. Robert Proctor doesn't think so. A historian of science at Stanford, Proctor points out that when it comes to many contentious subjects, our usual relationship to information is reversed: Ignorance increases.\n\nHe has developed a word inspired by this tren
"Welcome to Antiviral, an occasional column in which we run down the worst hoaxes, pranks, Photoshops and straight-out lies blowing up on the internet."
RT @drbrake: Gawker serving the public good - really! New column: Antiviral: What's Bullsh*t on the Internet This Week http://t.co/2MOG6mYK…
"A satirical website managed to fool a number of social media users into thinking 37 people had died from smoking marijuana in Colorado on 1 January - the day it became legal for anyone to buy the drug from licensed shops in the state."
"Gary Greenberg, the psychotherapist who had unintentionally convinced journalists around the country that he had grown up toking up with a New York Times columnist, was having a good day. Greenberg’s essay, a takedown of David Brooks’ anti-pot confessional column written as if Greenberg and Brooks were childhood smoking buddies, had become easily the most popular piece ever published on Greenberg’s personal blog. He had gotten interest from (among others) The Atlantic, The Washington Examiner, and The Huffington Post.
“First of all,” Greenberg said, “almost everyone thinks it’s true.”"
Through their training, scientists are equipped with what Sagan calls a “baloney detection kit” — a set of cognitive tools and techniques that fortify the mind against penetration by falsehoods:
RT @njsmyth: The Baloney Detection Kit: Carl Sagan’s Rules for Bullshit-Busting and Critical Thinking http://t.co/73QvzqQRJv
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