Beginning in 2001 Swedish filmmaker Johan Söderberg began experimenting with editing news footage to make it appear as though world leaders were singing pop songs. The series of remixes entitled "Read My Lips" uses song lyrics to provide hilarious biting critiques of politicians.
Mashups and Re-mixes have become iconic tools for the latest generation of pranksters.
Jonah Perretti's discovery of viral marketing - the meme goes to the online market.
Early article noting the rise in pranks and culture jamming of CCTV surveillance.
The growing reliance on surveillance is giving some of the pioneers of the video camera industry second thoughts.
''I have lots of worries about how this technology is being used,'' said John Graham, who is the founder of BroadWare Technologies, a Cupertino, Calif., maker of software for video-camera networks, and who was one of the first researchers to send audio and video over the Internet.
''I've become Big Brother, but I didn't mean to be,'' Mr. Graham said. ''It's just that there's no money in education or scientific collaboration.''
The rush to surveillance in the wake of Sept. 11 is revitalizing a growing group of civil liberties activists who, like Mr. Naimark, are determined to limit the spread of networks of inexpensive video cameras that are appearing in virtually all public spaces.
In New York City, the Surveillance Camera Players, a guerrilla theatre troupe, is placing hand-drawn maps of video camera locations on the Internet and staging brief politically inspired performances in front of the cameras.
The group was co-founded by Bill Brown, an American literature scholar, who said the troupe was sympathetic to Mr. Naimark's opposition to the ubiquitous video eyes but took a different tack, highlighting the emerging surveillance world through a series of street parodies.
''His methods are quite different from ours,'' Mr. Brown said. ''We're philosophical anarchists. We never engage in illegal activity, but we believe the greatest weakness of those who operate the surveillance systems is that they require secrecy.''
One of the most famous adbusters campaigns.
A glossy magazine published in Canada since 1989 mixes parodies of marketing with critiques of consumerism and political commentary. Influential in the OWS movement.
Here's Mark Dery's acclaimed manifesto for culture jamming originally published in 1993 and here republished in 2010 with an introduction by the author reflecting on what has happened in the intervening seventeen years.
Good article on Yoani and cyberdissidence in Cuba
"A number of resources are appearing which I think will have a longer shelf life than more transient and ephemeral contributions to understanding the impact of digital politics on elections:"
Comprehensive article on the Cuban press and Yoani's emerging role as a digital dissident.
"Cuba’s media is among the world’s least free. For decades, the one-party government has maintained tight control of newspapers, radio and television. Journalism is regularly exploited as a tool for propaganda; overt government censorship and self-censorship by journalists are exercised daily. The government has also jailed, abducted or intimidated many journalists, as well as other critics, and it has expelled a number of foreign correspondents."