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swan lin's List: HTML Study Note

    • A form is an area that can contain form elements.
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    • A definition list is not a list of items. This is a list of terms and explanation of the terms.
    • Each definition-list term starts with the <dt> tag. Each definition-list definition starts with the <dd> tag.
    • This element defines a table caption. The <caption> tag must be inserted immediately after the <table> tag. You can specify only one caption per table. Usually the caption will be centered above the table.
    • frame  void
        border  Specifies which sides of the border surrounding a table   will be visible
    • Tables are defined with the <table> tag. A table is divided into rows (with the <tr> tag), and each row is divided into data cells (with the <td> tag).
    • If you do not specify a border attribute the table will be displayed without any borders. Sometimes this can be useful, but most of the time, you want the borders to show.

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    • The iframe element creates an inline frame that contains another document.
    • The noframes element displays text for browsers that do not handle frames. The noframes element goes inside the frameset element.
    • Note: If a browser handles frames, it will not display the text in the noframes element.


      Important: If you add a <noframes> tag to a frameset, you will have to  enclose the text in <body></body> tags!

      • Frames


        With frames, you can display more than one HTML document in the same browser window. Each HTML document is called a frame, and each frame is independent of the others.


        The disadvantages of using frames are:

        • The web developer must keep track of more HTML documents
        • It is difficult to print the entire page
      • The Frameset Tag

        • The <frameset> tag defines how to divide the window into frames
        • Each frameset defines a set of rows or columns
        • The values of the rows/columns indicate the amount of screen area each row/column will  occupy

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    • HTML uses the <a> (anchor) tag to create a link to another document.
    • ASCII Entities with new Entity Names
    • we want the browser to actually display these characters we must insert character entities in the HTML source.
    • A character entity has three parts: an ampersand (&), an entity name or a # and an entity number, and finally a semicolon (;).

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    • In XHTML the <br> tag must be properly closed, like this: <br />.
    • Use the <br> tag to enter blank lines, not to separate paragraphs.
    • Use this when you need to use HTML's  presentational features because your readers don't have browsers that support  Cascading Style Sheets (CSS):
    • Use  this together with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS):

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    • In HTML the <hr> tag has no end tag.


      In XHTML the <hr> tag must be properly closed.

    • The xmlns attribute is required in XHTML but not in HTML. However, the  validator on does not complain when this attribute is missing from the  <html> tag in an XHTML document. This is because "xmlns="  is a fixed value and will be added to the <html> tag even if you do not include  it.
    • Headings


      Headings are defined with the <h1> to <h6> tags. <h1> defines the largest heading. <h6> defines the smallest heading.

    • HTML automatically adds an extra blank line before and after a heading.

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      • The text between the start and end tags is the element content
      • HTML tags are not case sensitive, <b> means the same as <B>
    • The purpose of the <b> tag is to define an HTML element that should be displayed as bold.

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      • What is an HTML File?

        •  HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
        • An HTML file is a text file containing small markup tags
        • The markup tags tell the Web browser how to display the page
        • An HTML file must have an htm or html file extension
        • An HTML file can be created using a simple text editor
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