Anglican Church took this name in 1981 to signify that it is an independent constituent member of the worldwide Anglican Communion. It was previously called the Church of England
When the English fleet defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588, the Anglican Church permanently replaced the Catholic one in England.
Other reformers of historical note were the Puritans. They claimed that the Anglican Church was too close to the Catholic Church. They were called Puritans because they wanted to purify the Church of England. They wanted a complete separation of church and state.