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Joelle Monrose's List: Civilisation The wrong Empire

    • Paintings from 1751 depicting the drunk and disorderly have been recommissioned for a campaign against binge drinking.
    • William Hogarth's Beer Street and Gin Lane were aimed at contrasting the perceived evil of drinking gin with the supposed merits of beer.
    • Hogarth's paintings showed happy and healthy people in Beer Street compared with the debauched and lazy in Gin Lane.
    • From 18th Century London squalor
    • William Hogarth was not just a satirist
    • popular engraver and serious artist.

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    • In the first half of the century, the British were a trading presence at certain points along the coast;
    • from the 1750s they began to wage war on land in eastern and south-eastern India and to reap the reward of successful warfare, which was the exercise of political power, notably over the rich province of Bengal.
    • by Indian weavers was being imported into Britain in huge quantities to supply a worldwide demand for cheap, washable, lightweight fabrics for dresses and furnishings

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    • In its heyday it not only had a monopoly on British trade with India and the Far East, but it was also responsible for the government of much of the vast Indian sub-continent. Both of these factors mean that the East India Company (or, to call it by its proper name, the British East India Company) was crucial to the history of the tea trade.
    • The East India Company was perhaps the most powerful commercial organisation that the world has ever seen.
    • The East India Company's first major base was in western India, where it found a rich source of exotic textiles and other produce, which could be exported back to Britain or taken further east to exchange for spices.

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    • This was the infamous Boston Tea Party, a protest against tea duties in December 1773 that sparked off the American War of Independence and so eventually led to the United States of America becoming an independent nation instead of a group of British colonies.
    • the strength of the American resistance to being taxed at all by their British colonial masters.
    • In the later 1760s, opposition took the form of boycotts of taxed goods.

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    • Beer Street and Gin Lane are two prints issued in 1751 by English artist William Hogarth in support of what would become the Gin Act.
    • Designed to be viewed alongside each other, they depict the evils of the consumption of gin as a contrast to the merits of drinking beer.
    • On the simplest level, Hogarth portrays the inhabitants of Beer Street as happy and healthy, nourished by the native English ale, and those who live in Gin Lane as destroyed by their addiction to the foreign spirit of gin

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    • Gin Craze, à savoir une période de surconsommation massive de gin
    • es "classes laborieuses" avaient pris l'habitude de consommer du gin en quantité.
    • dépendance mortelle à plus ou moins court terme, avec tout ce que cela supposait de misère et de criminalité plus ou moins violente comme corollaires.

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