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Mary Bernklau's List: Moral Literacy

    • Moral literacy is defined as the ability to contend with complex moral problems. It involves the ability to recognize a problem as a moral one. The morally literate individual must acknowledge the multiple perspectives of individuals involved in the problems. The ability to assess both disagreements on and proposed responses to the problems is another skill of the morally literate individual. The development of these abilities involves learning and practicing a set of skills. These skills must be taught and then practiced until they become habits. The skills include sensitivity, listening, reflecting, critical thinking and moral reasoning. A moral literacy resource for educators, therefore, should provide information to assist in developing both an understanding and application of these skills and abilities.
    • uana (2007) deined moral literacy as “the skills andknowledge speciic to making ethical choices in lieare learned capabilities requiring skills in which indi-
       This study was presented at the Values Educa-tion Symposium, October 26–28, 2011, EskisehirOsmangazi University, Eskişehir, Turkey.
       a Mesut SAĞNAK, Ph.D.
       Correspondence: Assoc.Prof.,
       Nigde University, Faculty of Education, De-partment of Educational Sciences, Nigde/Turkey.E-mail:
       Phone: +90 388 2112873.
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        viduals can be more or less competent(p. 365). Moralliteracy is not a naturally-gained process, but it is gai-ned with the eort to develop the right skills (Zdenek & Schochor, 2007). Herman (2007) philosophically deined this concept as the capacity to react and readthe main elements o the moral world. In terms o theleadership process, making decisions depended onmoral rame in a very complicated environment andmotivating these decisions are related with the con-ceptual and practical capacities o the school leaders(Walker et al., 2007). Based on these deinitions, itcan be said that moral literacy reects the competen-cies to know, understand, comment and evaluate themain elements in the ethical decision process, in orderto make right decisions. Tese competencies can begained and developed via some programs (Bennett
    • Through their delight, he continues,   youngsters will be instructed: The stories, in his words, show   "what the virtues look like, what they are in practice, how   to recognize them, and how they work."
    • By contemplating the   stories, Bennett says, children will be moved to proper behavior:   "They must achieve at least a minimal level of moral literacy   that will enable them to make sense of what they see in life   and, we may hope, help them to live it well."

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