Group annotations on this page
nightsurfer on 2009-11-25Conjugated linoleic acid promotes human adipocyte insulin resistance through NFkappaB-dependent cytokine production.
Chung S, Brown JM, Provo JN, Hopkins R, McIntosh MK.
J Biol Chem. 2005 Nov 18;280(46):38445-56. Epub 2005 Sep 9.
Collectively, these data demonstrate for the first time that trans-10, cis-12 CLA promotes NFkappaB activation and subsequent induction of IL-6, which are at least in part responsible for trans-10, cis-12 CLA-mediated suppression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma target gene expression and insulin sensitivity in mature human adipocytes.
In summary, our in vitro data demonstrate that a physiological level of trans-10, cis-12 CLA activates NFκB- and ERK1/2-dependent cytokine production, which together suppress PPARγ and Glut4 levels and lead to impaired glucose uptake. Studies are currently under way examining 1) how CLA regulates PPARγ and the expression of its target genes, 2) the specific signaling role of SV cells and adipocytes in mediating the TG-lowering actions of CLA, and 3) the CLA-induced, upstream signal that activates NFκB and ERK1/2.