Group annotations on this page
nightsurfer on 2009-12-01"Berberine is a quaternary ammonium salt from the group of isoquinoline alkaloids. It is found in such plants as Berberis, goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), and Coptis chinensis, usually in the roots, rhizomes, stems, and bark. Berberine is strongly yellow colored, which is why in earlier times berberis species were used to dye wool, leather and wood. Wool is still today dyed with berberine in Northern India
Berberine (BBR) is a natural compound with up-regulating activity on both low-density-lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and insulin receptor (InsR). This one-drug-multiple-target characteristic might be suitable for the treatment of metabolic syndrome. Berberine has been tested and used successfully in experimental and human diabetes mellitus. Berberine has been shown to lower elevated blood glucose as effectively as metformin. The mechanisms include inhibition of aldose reductase, inducing glycolysis, preventing insulin resistance through increasing insulin receptor expression and acting like incretins.
Berberine has drawn extensive attention towards its antineoplastic effects. It seems to suppress the growth of a wide variety of tumor cells including breast cancer, leukemia, melanoma, epidermoid carcinoma, hepatoma, oral carcinoma, tongue carcinoma, glioblastoma, prostate carcinoma, gastric carcinoma. Animal studies have shown that berberine can suppress chemical-induced carcinogenesis, tumor promotion, tumor invasion, prostate cancer, neuroblastoma, and leukemia. It is a radiosensitzer of tumor cells but not of normal cells